What Food Scraps Can Be Composted

What Food Scraps Can Be Composted

Enter the magical world of composting, where the seemingly insignificant kitchen scraps you produce on a daily basis may become a powerful fertilizer for your plants.

We will look at the intricate tapestry of food scraps that can find a new purpose in your compost bin, creating a fertile soil that is a boon for both the environment and your plants.

List Of Food Scraps That Can Be Composted

What Food Scraps Can Be Composted

Fruit and Vegetable Scraps

At the core of composting lies the treasure trove of fruit and vegetable scraps – the unsung heroes of sustainability. Every apple core, carrot peel, and slightly wilted salad leaf is a rich source of essential nutrients that can breathe life into your compost pile. These remnants not only reduce waste but also infuse your compost with potassium, phosphorus, and other vital elements crucial for the robust health of your composting microcosm. However, a word of caution: steer clear of composting any diseased or moldy plant materials to safeguard the integrity of your compost.

Coffee Grounds and Filters

For the ardent coffee enthusiasts, rejoice! Used coffee grounds and filters are not mere remnants; they are powerful contributors to the alchemy of composting. Beyond the aromatic pleasure of your morning brew, coffee grounds offer a generous dose of nitrogen, a linchpin for a thriving composting process. The biodegradable nature of the paper filters used in brewing seamlessly integrates them into the rich mosaic of your compost, underscoring the interconnectedness of all organic matter.


Don’t be hasty in discarding those eggshells after your culinary endeavors. Crush them and grace your compost with their presence. Beyond being a mere byproduct, eggshells are veritable gold for your compost. Laden with calcium, they serve a dual purpose: aiding in the decomposition process and regulating the pH balance of your compost. This dynamic duo ensures an environment conducive to the flourishing microbial activity essential for successful composting.

Tea Bags

After the serenity of your tea time, extend the lifecycle of your used tea bags by integrating them into your composting routine. The tea leaves within these bags are a nitrogen-rich addition, enhancing the overall nutrient profile of your compost. Furthermore, the biodegradable nature of tea bags aligns seamlessly with the ethos of composting, contributing to the cyclical nature of organic waste.

Bread and Grains

Rescue that stale loaf of bread and repurpose those leftover pasta strands by ushering them into your compost bin. Bread and grains, often overlooked in the composting lexicon, play a pivotal role in balancing the nitrogen-rich components from fruits and vegetables with a valuable infusion of carbon. As these forgotten edibles break down, they contribute to the intricate dance of carbon and nitrogen, fostering an environment conducive to decomposition.

Nut Shells

Embrace the notion of recycling even the smallest remnants of your nutty indulgences. Crushed nutshells, whether from peanuts, almonds, or walnuts, offer a newfound purpose in your compost. Their slow decomposition releases carbon steadily, providing a sustained source that complements the lively ballet of organic matter within your compost.

Corn Cobs

The aftermath of a summertime feast need not contribute solely to landfill waste. The cobs left from enjoying corn on the cob can find a second life in your compost bin. While they may decompose at a leisurely pace, their contribution of carbon adds depth to the layers of your compost, enriching it with a slow-release component that underscores the patience required in the art of composting.

Dairy Products (in moderation)

Approach dairy products with caution due to their potential for odors and attraction of pests. However, in judicious amounts, milk, cheese, or yogurt remnants can be thoughtfully incorporated into your compost. These dairy contributions, when used sparingly, infuse valuable nutrients and organic matter into the composting mix, striking a delicate balance that promotes harmonious decomposition.

Herbivore Manure

For those fortunate enough to have access to manure from herbivores like rabbits, goats, or horses, consider it a composting treasure. Herbivore manure is a nitrogen-rich powerhouse, fueling the microbial activity crucial for breaking down organic matter. However, exercise diligence in ensuring that the manure is well-aged, minimizing the risk of introducing harmful pathogens to your composting ecosystem.

Wood Ash (in moderation)

If you have a fireplace, the ashes produced can be a valuable addition to your compost in moderation. Wood ash contains potassium and plays a role in elevating the pH level of your compost, creating an environment conducive to decomposition. Yet, heed a note of caution: moderation is key, as an excess of wood ash can disrupt the delicate balance of your composting symphony.

Paper Products

The daily influx of mail and packaging need not solely contribute to your recycling bin. Shredded newspaper, cardboard, and used paper towels emerge as unsung heroes in the composting saga, offering themselves as excellent sources of carbon. As you introduce these paper products, ensure they are devoid of glossy or colored ink, prioritizing the purity of their organic contribution to your composting canvas.

Lint from Dryer

Even the mundane lint from your laundry routine can play a pivotal role in sustainable composting. The lint, especially if derived from natural fabrics like cotton or wool, is a welcomed addition to your compost. This seemingly inconspicuous byproduct contributes a fine source of carbon, seamlessly blending into the diverse tapestry of materials that fuel the ongoing decomposition process.

Wrap Up

When you compost a wide variety of food scraps, you are not only reducing waste but also contributing to the development of a nutrient-rich soil that will be the foundation for your plants.

The next time you are standing at the kitchen trash can, wondering what will become of your kitchen scraps, picture the incredible journey they are about to take on, one that will ultimately benefit your garden and the environment. Both the Earth and your green thumb will be grateful for your diligent composting efforts!

Here’s a set of frequently asked questions (FAQ) and their answers about composting:

Q1: What is composting?

A1: Composting is a natural process that turns organic materials into a nutrient-rich soil conditioner. It involves the decomposition of kitchen and garden waste by microorganisms, resulting in a valuable product known as compost.

Q2: What can be composted?

A2: A wide range of organic materials can be composted, including fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, yard waste, paper products (like shredded newspaper), and more. However, it’s essential to avoid composting meat, dairy, oily foods, and diseased plant materials.

Q3: How do I start composting at home?

A3: To start composting at home, you’ll need a compost bin or pile, a good balance of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials, and regular turning or mixing to aerate the compost. It’s also important to maintain the right moisture level and be patient, as composting takes time.

Q4: Can I compost in an apartment or small space?

A4: Yes, composting in small spaces is possible. Consider using a small indoor compost bin for kitchen scraps or explore vermicomposting, which involves using worms to break down organic matter. There are also community composting programs in some urban areas.

Q5: How long does it take to make compost?

A5: The time it takes to make compost varies, but under optimal conditions, it can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months. Factors such as the size of the compost pile, the mix of materials, and how often it’s turned all influence the composting process.

Q6: Why does my compost smell bad?

A6: A foul odor in your compost may indicate a lack of aeration, excess moisture, or an imbalance between green and brown materials. To address this, turn the compost more frequently, adjust the moisture level, and ensure a good balance of nitrogen-rich and carbon-rich materials.

Q7: Can I compost in winter?

A7: Yes, composting can continue in winter, but the process may slow down due to lower temperatures. Consider insulating your compost pile with straw or leaves and avoid overwatering during colder months. Some compost bins are designed for cold weather composting.

Q8: What do I do with finished compost?

A8: Finished compost can be used to enrich garden soil, as mulch around plants, or mixed into potting soil for container gardening. It improves soil structure, provides essential nutrients to plants, and enhances water retention.

Q9: Can I compost pet waste?

A9: It’s generally not recommended to compost pet waste in home compost bins, as it may contain pathogens harmful to humans. However, some specialized systems can handle pet waste safely. Avoid using the compost on edible plants if you choose to compost pet waste.

Q10: What are some common composting mistakes to avoid?

A10: Common mistakes include adding too much of one type of material, neglecting to turn the compost regularly, allowing it to become too wet or too dry, and including items that don’t belong in a compost pile (like plastics or synthetic materials).